Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed research.Education frequently takes place under the guidance of educators, but learners may also educate themselves.Education can take place in formal or informal settings and any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. Education is commonly divided formally into such stages as preschool or kindergarten, primary school, secondary school and then college, university, or apprenticeship.A right to education has been recognized by some governments and the United Nations.Etymologically, the word "education" is derived from the Latin ēducātiō ("A breeding, a bringing up, a rearing") from ēducō ("I educate, I train") which is related to the homonym ēdūcō ("I lead forth, I take out; I raise up, I erect") from ē- ("from, out of") and dūcō ("I lead, I conduct").Education began in prehistory, as adults trained the young in the knowledge and skills deemed necessary in their society.
As cultures began to extend their knowledge beyond skills that could be readily learned through imitation, formal education developed.
Schools existed in Egypt at the time of the Middle Kingdom.
The city of Alexandria in Egypt, established in 330 BCE, became the successor to Athens as the intellectual cradle of Ancient Greece.
There, the great Library of Alexandria was built in the 3rd century BCE.
European civilizations suffered a collapse of literacy and organization following the fall of Rome in CE 476.