France marriage and dating facts
Louis XVI became the heir to the throne and the last Bourbon king of France upon his father's death in 1765.
In 1770, he married Austrian archduchess Marie-Antoinette, the daughter of Maria Theresa and Holy Roman Emperor Francis I.
After a slew of governing missteps, Louis XVI brought the French Revolution crashing down upon himself, and in 1793 he was executed.
His wife, Marie-Antoinette, was executed nine months later.
Louis XVI was born on August 23, 1754, in the Palace of Versailles.
Named Louis Auguste de France, he was given the title Duc de Berry signifying his junior status in the French Court.
He was the third son of Louis, Dauphin of France and grandson of Louis XV of France.
His mother, Marie-Josephe of Saxony, was the daughter of Frederick Augustus II of Saxony, also the King of Poland.
He was tutored by French noblemen and studied religion, morality, and humanities.He excelled in Latin, history, geography, and astronomy and achieved fluency in Italian and English.With his good health, he enjoyed physical activities such as hunting and wrestling and from an early age he enjoyed locksmithing, which became a life-long hobby.Louis's parents paid little attention to him, instead focusing on his older brother, the heir apparent, Louis duc de Bourgogne, who died at age 9 in 1761.Then, on December 20, 1765, his father died of tuberculosis, and Louis Auguste became Dauphin at age 11.
His mother never recovered from the family tragedies and also succumbed to tuberculosis on March 13, 1767.